The Different Types of Carving and Needed Tools

Most people heard about wood carving, which is one of the most common and well-known forms of carving. It involves the use of sharp tools to remove pieces of wood from a larger piece, in order to create a desired shape or design. Wood carvings can be either functional or purely decorative, however, there are many other different types of carving, each with its own unique characteristics.

Stone carving is another popular form of carving. It uses similar techniques to wood carving, but with harder materials such as marble, granite, or sandstone. Stone carvings are often found in architecture as decorative elements on buildings or statues.

Ice carving is a type of sculpting that uses ice as the medium. Ice carvings are often temporary works of art that are created for special occasions such as weddings or parties. They can also be more permanent fixtures in public spaces such as parks or squares.

Metal carving. Common metals used for metal carving include brass, bronze, copper, and silver.

The above examples are just a few. We will list below some more carving types, each being unique in its own way.

Bone carving

Bone carving can be done with many different types of bones. The most common type of bone used for this purpose is cattle bone because it is the easiest to obtain and work with. Other types of bones that can be used include sheep, goat, horse, and even elephant. The size and shape of the bone will dictate what type of design can be carved into it.

One thing to keep in mind when working with bone is that it can be very fragile. This means that you need to take your time when carving and make sure not to apply too much pressure or you could break the bone. If you do break the bone, then your only option will be to start over again from scratch (on a new piece) so it’s important to get it right the first time!

When carve something into the bone, you’ll need to use a sharp knife or chisel. You’ll also need patience since this type of carving takes some time to complete correctly without making any mistakes! Once you’ve finished your masterpiece, you can either leave the piece natural or paint over top if you want add some color.

Chip carving

Chip carving dates back to ancient times and has been used for centuries to decorate furniture, pottery, and other objects. The technique was popularized in the 18th century by master carvers in Germany and Switzerland, and has since spread to other parts of Europe and the United States.

Chip carving requires few tools and can be learned by anyone with basic woodworking skills. The most important tool is a sharp knife; other useful tools include chisels, gouges, and rasps. A variety of patterns can be created using different combinations of cuts, so there is no need for complex templates or stencils.

The simplest chip carvings are made by cutting V-shaped notches into the wood surface. These notches can be made with either straight or curved lines, depending on the desired effect. More complex patterns can be created by cutting multiple notches that intersect each other, or by combining straight and curved lines in a single design.

One of the beauties of chip carving is that it can be done on almost any type of wood; hardwoods such as oak or maple are well suited for this type of work but even softwoods like pine can be used with moderate success. The size and thickness of the wood will determine how deep the cuts can safely be made; thicker pieces of wood will require shallower cuts than thinner ones.

When choosing lumber for chip carving projects, it is important to select boards that are free from knots or other blemishes that could weaken them during cutting.

Fruit carving

Fruit carving can be traced back to ancient times, when people would carve designs into fruits as a way to show off their skills. This practice was particularly popular in China, where it was often used to create decorative items for religious ceremonies or as gifts for important people. Fruit carving eventually spread to other parts of Asia, including Japan and Korea, where it became an important part of the cuisine.

Today, fruit carving is still widely practiced in many Asian countries. It has also gained popularity in Western countries such as the United States, where it is often used to decorate wedding cakes and other desserts.

Gourd carving or gourd art

Gourd carving is a form of folk art that involves the creative carving of gourds to create decorative pieces. Gourds have been used for centuries as both functional and decorative objects, and gourd carving is thought to have originated in Africa. Today, gourd carved objects can be found all over the world, and the art form has been adapted to suit many different cultures.

Gourds are generally easy to carve, as they have a soft fleshy interior that can be easily scooped out with a spoon or knife. The exterior of the gourd is usually left intact, although it may be painted or otherwise decorated. Common motifs used in gourd carving include animals, faces, flowers, and geometric patterns.

Gourd carving is typically done by hand, although some artists may use power tools such as rotary saws or sanders to speed up the process. The finished product can be either functional or purely decorative. Functional carved gourds might be used as bowls, cups, vases, or lanterns; while decorative carved gourds might be displayed on shelves or hung from walls like works of art.

No matter what their purpose may be, all carved gourds share one common trait: they are truly unique creations that reflect the skill and imagination of their creators.

Ice carving or ice sculpture

Ice carving is a popular activity at winter festivals and fairs, as well as being used for special occasions such as weddings and corporate events. Many people also enjoy creating their own ice sculptures at home.

The quality of the ice will make a big difference in how easy it is to carve and how long your sculpture will last. Second, you need to make sure that your tools are sharp so that you don’t damage the ice. You need to work fast since the heat from your hands will start to melt the ice pretty quickly!

Once you get the hang of it, you’ll be able to create some truly stunning pieces of art!

Ivory carving

ivory carving
ivory carving

There are two main types of ivory used in carving: elephant Ivory and walrus Ivory. Elephant Ivory is the most popular choice for carvings, as it is very strong and durable. Walrus Ivory is also quite strong, but is more difficult to work with due to its uneven texture. Both types of ivory can be carved into a variety of shapes and sizes, from small figurines to large sculptures.

The first step in creating an ivory carving is to select the piece of ivory you will be using. Once you have chosen your piece of ivory, it needs to be cut into manageable pieces using a saw or chisel. Next, the pieces need to be shaped into the desired form using files, rasps, and sandpaper. Once your carving is complete, it can be polished using beeswax or another type of polish specifically designed for use on Ivory.

If you are interested in trying your hand at Ivory carving but don’t want to invest in all the necessary tools just yet, “starter kits” containing all the basic supplies needed to get started are available for purchase online or at most craft stores.

Stone carving (Petroglyph)

stone carving
stone carving

An age-old form of artistic expression, stone carving is often used to depict important people, places, or events. It’s also a popular way to show off one’s creative side. There are many different types of stone that can be used for carving, each with its own unique properties and advantages.


The most common type of stone used for carving. Being a very hard stone that takes a long time to wear down,  makes it ideal for large projects where detail and precision are important. It’s also one of the more expensive types of stone, so it’s not always the best choice for smaller projects.


Another popular type of stone for carving. Marble is much softer than granite, so it’s easier to carve but doesn’t hold up as well over time. It’s also less expensive than granite, making it a good choice for smaller projects or those on a budget.


Another option that lies somewhere between granite and marble in terms of hardness and price. Sandstone is relatively easy to carve but isn’t as durable as either granite or marble. It does have a unique look, though, so it can be a good choice for certain projects.


Another soft stone that’s easy to work with but doesn’t last as long as harder stones like granite or marble. Limestone comes in different colors depending on where it was quarried, so it can be used to create interesting effects in your carved project.