Machines and Tools in a Woodworking Shop

A wood shop typically contains a wide variety of machines. The most common are saws, both hand-operated and power tools, which are used to cut wood to the desired shape and size. Other common machines include lathes, which are used to spin the wood and create symmetrical shapes; sanders, which smooth out rough edges; routers, which create intricate designs; and planers, which take care of large pieces of lumber.


Bandsaws are used in many different types of woodworking shops. They are often used to cut large pieces of wood into smaller pieces, or to make intricate cuts in small pieces of wood. Bandsaws can also be used to cut other materials, such as metal or plastic.

Bandsaws are very dangerous machines, and it is important to be careful when using them. Always wear eye protection when using a bandsaw, and never put your fingers near the blade while it is moving.

Combination machine

A combination machine is a woodworking machine that combines the functions of two or more separate machines into a single unit. The most common combination woodworking machine is the jointer-planer, which combines a jointer and a planer into one unit. Other common combination machines include the router table-shaper, shaper-planer, and spindle moulder-router.

Double side planer

The double side planer is a versatile machine that can be used to create a variety of different types of products. For example, it can be used to create cabinets, doors, furniture components, and more. It is an essential machine for any wood shop because it allows for accurate and precise cuts.

If you are looking for a double side planer for your wood shop, there are many different options available on the market today. You will need to decide what features you need in order to find the perfect machine for your needs.

Four sided planer or timber sizer

The first step in using a four sided planer is to select the correct tooling for the job at hand. There are various sizes and shapes of cutting blades available, so it is important to choose one that will work well with the specific type of wood being processed. Next, the lumber is placed into the in feed section of the machine and fed through until it reaches the outfeed section. As it passes through the cutting blades, each side of the board will be evenly trimmed down to size.

Once all four sides have been planed or sized, the board can then be removed from the machine and sanded smooth if necessary. Four sided planers can be used to create both rough sawn lumber and finished boards that are ready for use in construction projects or other applications.

Drill press

A drill press is a fixed-position power tool that drills holes in wood and other materials. The operator positions the workpiece using a vise or clamp, then presses the spinning drill bit against the workpiece to create a hole.

A typical home woodworking shop might contain a benchtop drill press, along with various hand-held power drills. Larger commercial shops might have one or more floor-mounted drill presses. Some shops use magnetic-based drilling jigs to provide greater accuracy when drilling multiple holes.

Most modern drill presses have adjustable speed settings that allow the operator to select the best speed for each application. Slower speeds are typically used for larger bits, while faster speeds are used for smaller bits. The specific speed is usually determined by trial and error, although some manufacturers provide general guidelines.

When drilling into hardwoods or metals, it is important to use a lubricant such as cutting oil or WD-40 to prevent the bit from overheating and damaging the workpiece.

Drum sander

Drum sanders are available in a variety of sizes and styles. The most common type is the benchtop drum sander, which is designed to be used on a workbench or table. These units are usually smaller and more portable than other types of drum sanders. Stationary drum sanders are much larger and heavier, and they are designed to be mounted on a stand or table. Drum sanders can also be found in handheld models, which are ideal for use in tight spaces or for working on small projects.

When shopping for a drum sander, it is important to consider the size of the unit and the type of power source that it uses. Benchtop models typically use electric motors, while larger stationary models may use gas engines or air compressors. Handheld models may use batteries or rechargeable power sources. It is also important to select a model with variable speed settings so that you can adjust the speed based on the project you are working on.


The first step in using a jointer is to calibrate the machine. This involves setting the knives at the correct height and depth for your project. Once the machine is calibrated, you can begin feeding your lumber through it. Start with the rough side of the board facing up and feed it into the jointer slowly and evenly. As you feed it through, keep an eye on both sides of the board to make sure that it’s being cut evenly. If one side seems to be cutting deeper than