There are many considerations when determining the strongest timber. The most important factor is the density of the wood. A denser wood will be stronger and more durable than a less dense wood. Other factors that can affect the strength of timber include the grain, moisture content, and treatment.
The strongest timbers are typically hardwoods, such as oak or maple. These woods are very dense and have a tight grain structure, which makes them strong and resistant to wear and tear. Softwoods, such as pine or fir, are not as strong as hardwoods but can still be used for construction if properly treated.
Moisture content is another important factor to consider when choosing timber. If wood is too dry, it will be brittle and more likely to break or crack under pressure. If it is too wet, it will warp or swell, making it difficult to work with. The ideal moisture content for timber is around 15%.
Finally, how the timber has been treated will also affect its strength. Untreated lumber will not last as long as treated lumber because it is more susceptible to rot, insect damage, and weathering. Treated lumber has been chemically processed to resist these elements and will last longer than untreated lumber
Schinopsis balans a e 4,570 IBF
Schinopsis balans a e is a species of South American tree in the family Euphorbiaceae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The wood of S. balans a e is very hard and dense, making it valuable for construction and fuelwood. The tree grows to a height of 30 40 m (98–131 ft) and a trunk diameter of 1–1.5 m (3.3–4.9 ft).
The wood of Schinopsis balans a e is extremely hard and dense, with a Janka hardness rating of 4,570 lbf (20,490 N). This makes it one of the hardest woods in the world – only surpassed by lignum vitae (Guaiacum sanctum), which has a Janka hardness rating of 5,060 lbf (22,510 N). The high density of S. balans a e wood also makes it ideal for use as construction lumber or fuelwood. It burns slowly and produces little smoke when burned, making it ideal for use in BBQs or fireplaces.
S. balans a e trees are found throughout Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay – typically in areas with high rainfall levels and well-drained soils. The trees can reach heights of 30 40 m (98–131 ft) and diameters up to 1–1.5 m (3-4 ft). Sustainably managed forests are an important source of income for local communities in South America who rely on the sale of timber to support their families
Lignum vitae 4,500 IBF
Lignum vitae is a very dense wood, with a Janka hardness of 4,500 lbf. It is strong in compression and resistance to bending, making it an ideal material for use in construction and furniture making. The wood is also resistant to fire and termites, making it an ideal choice for outdoor applications.
Brazilian Olivewood 3,700 IBF
Brazilian olivewood is an exotic hardwood that’s prized for its unique grain patterns and rich, dark color. It’s one of the hardest woods available, making it ideal for high-traffic areas and furniture that will see a lot of use. Brazilian olivewood is also quite expensive, so it’s not a practical choice for everyone. If you’re considering this wood for your next project, here’s what you need to know about Brazilian olivewood.
hardness: 3,700 IBF
Janka Hardness Scale: 3200 lbf (1450 kgf)
price: $$$$ (very expensive)
Brazilian olivewood is one of the hardest woods available, making it ideal for high-traffic areas and furniture that will see a lot of use. It’s also quite expensive, so it’s not a practical choice for everyone. If you’re considering this wood for your next project, here are some things to keep in mind.
Brazilian Ebony 3,692 IBF
Brazilian Ebony is among the strongest timbers known. Standing up to 3,692 IBF, this wood is perfect for a range of applications where strength and durability are key.
A native of Brazil, this species gets its name from its deep black colouration. The heartwood is very dense and difficult to work with by hand, making it better suited to machine-based methods such as CNC routing.
Although strong, Brazilian Ebony is also brittle and can splinter easily if not handled correctly. It is therefore important to take care when working with this material.
When used in the right application, Brazilian Ebony can make for a stunning finished product that will last for many years to come.
Brazilian Walnut 3,684 IBF
Brazilian walnut, also known as ipe (pronounced ee-pay), is one of the hardest and strongest woods available. It is three times harder than oak and twice as strong as maple, making it an ideal material for construction and furniture. Brazilian walnut is also one of the most beautiful woods, with a rich dark brown color that deepens with age.
Brazilian walnut grows in South America, primarily in Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, and Argentina. The trees can reach up to 150 feet tall with a trunk diameter of up to 6 feet. The wood is harvested from both wild and plantation-grown trees.
The hardness and strength of Brazilian walnut make it an ideal material for a variety of applications. It is frequently used in outdoor decking, owing to its resistance to rot, decay, and insects. Brazilian walnut is also popular for indoor flooring, furniture, stairs, moldings, and other woodworking projects.
Because of its high density (the weight of an cubic foot can exceed 80 pounds), Brazilian walnut can be difficult to work with using traditional power tools. However, the results are worth the effort; Brazilian walnut products are known for their durability and beauty.
African Pearwood 3,680 IBF
African Pearwood is one of the strongest timbers available on the market today. This extremely durable wood is perfect for a variety of applications, including furniture and cabinetry. Its high density makes it resistant to warping and shrinking, while its natural oils give it a beautiful luster that will last for years to come. If you are looking for a timber that can withstand the test of time, African Pearwood is the perfect choice.