Ancient wood carving styles
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The Greek Wood Carving Style
The well known Greek civilization, whose apogee lies between 400 and 600 BC,
has created an immortal work of art in terms of architecture and sculpture, also
with direct influences on the furniture of that time.
Although objects of wood could not keep up from that civilization time.
Through our era, the stone sculptures on certain buildings and designs of ships,
some items of marble furniture, remaining from those times, are very valuable
elements for the knowledge and understanding of the structure, shape, and the
ornamentation of the Ancient Greek furniture.
The form of these furniture types was rigid, massive and heavy, with some
influences of the Egyptian and Assyrian carving style. The construction of these
items of furniture was more easily achieved due to the working tools more
improved than those of the Egyptians and Assyrians.
Species of wood most used were: olives, paltin, ebony and even walnut tree.
Finishing of the furniture was made by painting, mordant and polish.
The Roman Wood Carving Style
Roman art has developed and evolved in ancient Rome and
Roman Empire between the IV century BC and IV century AD, influenced by
ancient Greek art and Etruscan.
Processing materials knew a much greater improvement compared with what
was until that time, which could allow the realization of a much wider furniture
design types, besides wood, Romans used marble and bronze. The Romans
gave furniture a great importance, offering a maximum comfort and a much
more valuable look.
The structure of the furniture objects was determined in large part by the
perfection of tools and materials used. In artistic furniture, they used
decorative elements made by turning.
The most known and used Roman ornaments are: the acanthus leaf, ovurile,
festoon, various rosettes, archways, carved consoles, geometrical reasons, different
types of vessel with stem and leaves carvings, the deer leg, sphinx, eagle, bay-leaf
and vineyard leafs, etc..
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Different carving techniques can
be applied with different tools.
Techniques of wood carving
explained in depth.
Types of tools used for wood
carving. Multi-functional wood
carving tools, hand tools, power
tools and complete carving sets.
Every wood type has its own
nature.. and since the wood
is not equally strong in all
directions, the design must be
arranged keeping this in mind.